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Osmunda regalis – Marginal Pond Plants – Pond Plants – Water Plants – BP080A

£7.50£9.00

Osmunda regalis, commonly known as the royal fern, is a species of deciduous fern belonging to the Osmundaceae family, which is known for its large and impressive fern species. It is native to Europe, Africa, and the Americas, thriving in damp, shady environments such as marshes, woodlands, and banks along streams and rivers.

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Osmunda regalis

Osmunda regalis, commonly known as the royal fern, is a species of deciduous fern belonging to the Osmundaceae family, which is known for its large and impressive fern species. It is native to Europe, Africa, and the Americas, thriving in damp, shady environments such as marshes, woodlands, and banks along streams and rivers.

Here’s a detailed description of its characteristics:

  • Fronds: The royal fern has large, bipinnate (twice-divided) fronds that can grow up to 2-3 meters (6-9 feet) in height under ideal conditions, although more commonly they reach around 1.5 meters (5 feet). The fronds are bright green and become more yellow-green as they age. They have a unique appearance among ferns due to their large size and the division of their leaflets.
  • Leaflets: The leaflets (pinnae) of Osmunda regalis are lance-shaped with a smooth or slightly toothed margin. The arrangement of the leaflets on the frond gives it a feathery appearance.
  • Reproductive Structures: Unlike many other ferns, where the spores are produced in sori on the underside of the fronds, Osmunda regalis produces its spores in specialized, dense clusters on the tips of certain fronds, giving them a distinctive brownish appearance when mature.
  • Rhizome: The plant has a thick, fibrous rhizome from which the fronds emerge. The rhizome is creeping or branching, contributing to the spread of the fern in its habitat.
  • Habitat: Royal fern prefers wet, boggy soils but can also thrive in drier soils as long as they are not too acidic. It is found in a variety of wetland habitats, including along the edges of streams and rivers, in swamps and bogs, and in moist forests.
  • Conservation Status: In some regions, Osmunda regalis is considered rare or threatened due to habitat loss and degradation. Conservation efforts are in place in some areas to protect this species and its natural habitat.

The royal fern is admired for its striking appearance and is often used in shaded or water garden designs for its ornamental value. Its preference for damp conditions makes it an ideal plant for wet garden areas or for naturalizing in moist landscapes.

 

                                                                    

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